MissLeliz (missleliz) wrote in bis_japanese,
MissLeliz
missleliz
bis_japanese

日本語のレッソン4

Hiragana lesson time!

Mk, here is the super amazing hiragana chart which is *essential* for Japanese. Learn it very well!

あ い う え お
か き く け こ
さ し す せ そ
た ち つ て と
な に ぬ ね の
は ひ ふ へ ほ
ま み む め も
や   ゆ   よ
ら り る れ ろ
わ        を
         ん


In roomaji, that's
a i u e o
ka ki ku ke ko
sa shi su se so
ta chi tsu te to
na ni nu ne no
ha hi fu he ho
ma mi mu me mo
ya yu yo
ra ri ru re ro
wa wo
n

Taking the hiragana from the "k", "s", "t", and "h" rows and adding ゛(tenten) to them. This makes the "k" row into "g", the "s" into "z", the "t" into "d", and the "h" into "b" (with a few exceptions that I'll get to later).

が ぎ ぐ げ ご
ざ じ ず ぜ ぞ
だ ぢ づ で ど
ば び ぶ べ ぼ


ga gi gu ge go
za ji zu ze zo
da (ji) dzu de do
ba bi bu be bo

The exceptions:

し(shi) with tenten makes (ji) - this is the "ji" that is normally used. (chi) with tenten also makes a ji (or dzi) sound, but it is used only rarely in special cases.

with tenten makes (dzu or zu) - this is only used in special cases (such as つづく - tsudzuku, to continue). It makes a sound similar to the (su with tenten - zu), but is the one regularly used.

The "h" column with a small circle (mini maru!) makes a "p" column:
ぱ ぴ ぷ ぺ ぽ

pa pi pu pe po

It is the only hirgana that use the mini maru.

To make sounds such as pya, nyu, hyo, etc, you combine the "i" column of a hiragana with a mini "y" row - (ya) (yu) (yo).

きゃ きゅ きょ
にゃ にゅ にょ
ひゃ ひゅ ひょ
びゃ びゅ びょ
ぴゃ ぴゅ ぴょ
りゃ りゅ りょ


kya kyu kyo
nya nyu nyo
hya hyu hyo
bya byu byo
pya pyu pyo
rya ryu ryo

Things like "kye" and "kyi" are not used.

There are special combinations also.
To make sha, shu, sho, use the (shi) hiragana and combine it with a mini hiragana from the "y" row.
sha - しゃ
shu - しゅ
sho - しょ

To make ja, ju, jo, use the (ji) hiragana and combine it with a mini hiragana from the "y" row.
ja - じゃ
ju - じゅ
jo - じょ

To make cha, chu, cho, use the (chi) hiragana and combine it with a mini hiragana from the "y" row.
cha - ちゃ
chu - ちゅ
cho - ちょ

All my formatting went away. x.x Sorry!
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